Where was Linux in 2018 and Where it will be in 2019

Where Linux went in 2018 and where it's going

For those who are interested in Unix or Linux, 2018 gave amazing headlines for the world of Unix & open source licenses. Linux continued dominating the world of servers and smartphones, and the speed of development of Linux distributions and its kernel remained persistent.

The year did see important changes in the world of Linux and its development. Here's a flash of news of the year gone for all Linux lovers related to the Linux latest developments.

  • Ubuntu dropped Unity desktop, in favour of GNOME

The actions of 2017 affected 2018. Ubuntu decided to drop off the Unity desktop and switch its desktop environment to Gnome. The termination of Unity and shift to Canonical is done. Now the focus is on the areas of cloud computing and IoT.

  • Red Hat has been bought by IBM

IBM took possession of the top-rated distribution of Linux and software producer Red Hat In 1993. Red Hat had begun with a great emphasis on Linux. IBM and Red Hat unite together to create a provider of cloud service which supports various combinations and multiple platforms. IBM took over Red Hat as it wanted to give a tough competition to the Microsoft in the world of servers without having to license a high priced operating system.

  • For Linux gaming, Proton beta released to run Windows games on Linux

Valve announced a new variation of Wine, named Proton. Mostly, developers release games on the Windows operating system to bring Windows games on Linux. Valve released an update to its platform which included software that would allow users to play games built for Windows to run on Linux. The software that enabled this compatibility is called Proton. Proton is fully open-source software that integrates directly with the Linux version.

  • Bugs- Spectre and Meltdown

Spectre and Meltdown are the severe security issues in the latest CPUs. This security issue was in the processors of AMD, Intel, ARM & a few others. Spectre smashes isolation which is present amid of non-identical applications. This type of hardware exposure allows programs to access data which is at present being processed by the computer.

Although a program is not allowed to access data from various other programs, a harmful program can utilize the Spectre and Meltdown to get all the secret information stored in the memory of other running programs. This comprises of the personal information saved in the browser, our personal details and critical documents related to business. The popular vendors of cloud e.g. Google & AWS have fixed these bugs prior to anyone. Most of theIT vendors and Linux distributions have released these repairs on time.

  • Microsoft constructs open-source patents to assist Linux

To take advantage of open source environment, Linux & cloud computing, Microsoft declared that they have added themselves into Open Invention Network i.e. OIN. This OIN is a combination which is committed for safeguarding Linux and additional software from licence threat. The reason of Microsoft joining this group is that Microsoft had disputes with the group of open source over the concern of patents.

As Microsoft has joined OIN it is believed that it will put more effort to safeguard Linux & other vital open source software from licence declarations.

  • Linux has adopted for an advanced Code of Conduct

The group of Linux has adopted for an advanced "Code of Conduct", also known as CoC. The new CoC supplies hassle-free involvement for everybody who wants to take part in the development of the kernel for Linux. The latest variety of CoC was ultimately delivered.

  • Releases of the Linux kernel

Linus Torvalds has released varieties 4.20 of the Linux kernel on 23 December ending the year in a pleasant way. The following varieties of Linux kernel were released in the previous year (2018):

  • Linux 4.15
  • Linux 4.16
  • Linux 4.17
  • Linux 4.18
  • Linux 4.19
  • Linux 4.20
  • Linux kernel version 4.21

The development of Linux 4.21 has started earlier, which includes various fascinating characteristics:

  • Assist Free Sync & straight Rendering Manager upgrade.
  • Resolve the EXT4 file system, includes issues with NFS support.
  • Updates of Intel laptop driver.
  • Work to resolve the "Y2038" Unix time issue.

What is to be expected in 2019?

This year, the releases of distributions Ubuntu 19.04 and 19.10, Fedora 30 and Debian 10 (Buster) are expected.

Also, in November, Torvalds declared that he awaits version 5.0 of Linux to take place in 2019, yet has depreciated the importance of the development of the important variables.

The enterprise domain is more excited, as IBM and Microsoft have made their respective positions in different areas of the Linux world.

 It can trigger a wave of  transformation in Linux as an established corporate power balance themselves for cloud dominance.

Whereas additionally, the cloud computing competition can lead to the evolution of Linux and its satellite projects that are increasingly varying not with the philosophy of Unix, but also with free or open source licence as well.

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